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Electric Scooter FAQs & REGs

What is an Electric Scooter?

An electric scooter is a compact, two-wheeled vehicle powered by an electric motor. Electric scooters are typically equipped with a battery pack that stores electricity, an electric motor that propels the scooter, a deck or platform for the rider to stand on, handlebars for steering and control, and wheels for movement.

Key Features and characteristics of electric scooters:

  1. Electric Power: Electric scooters rely on electricity for propulsion. They have rechargeable batteries that provide the energy needed to run the electric motor. 
  2. Eco-Friendly: Electric scooters produce zero emissions.
  3. Portability: Electric scooters are often foldable, allowing for easy storage and transportation. 
  4. Speed and Range: Electric scooters typically have a top speed ranging 24 to 40 kmph, and their range on a single charge can vary widely depending on the model and battery capacity.
  5. Shared Mobility: Electric scooters have become popular in the context of shared mobility services and personal transport vehicles.
  6. Safety: Riders are encouraged to wear helmets and follow local traffic rules and regulations when using electric scooters. Some scooters are equipped with lights, reflectors, and other safety features to enhance visibility.

Electric scooters have gained popularity as a convenient and cost-effective mode of urban transportation, helping to alleviate traffic congestion and reduce the reliance on cars for short trips. 

What makes an All-terrain Electric Scooter different?

An all-terrain electric scooter, often abbreviated as an "AT electric scooter" or "off-road electric scooter," is a specialized type of electric scooter designed to handle rough and uneven terrain.

All-terrain scooters are built to provide riders with the ability to traverse various off-road surfaces and challenging landscapes. Here are some key features and characteristics of all-terrain electric scooters:

  1. Robust Construction: All-terrain electric scooters are typically constructed with rugged and durable materials to withstand the rigors of off-road riding. They often have reinforced frames, larger and more robust tires, and enhanced suspension systems.
  2. Larger Tires: These scooters are equipped with larger, pneumatic (air-filled) tires with deep treads, similar to those found on off-road bicycles or dirt bikes. These tires provide better traction on uneven surfaces like gravel, dirt trails, grass, and even rocky terrain.
  3. Enhanced Suspension: To absorb shocks and vibrations from rough terrain, all-terrain electric scooters feature improved suspension systems. This helps provide a smoother and more comfortable ride when compared to standard electric scooters.
  4. More Powerful Motors: To handle the increased demands of off-road riding, these scooters often come with more powerful electric motors. This extra power allows them to navigate inclines and obstacles more effectively.
  5. Extended Range: Many all-terrain electric scooters have larger battery packs, resulting in longer range capabilities. This is useful for riders who may be exploring trails or remote areas.
  6. Off-Road Capabilities: All-terrain scooters are designed to handle a variety of challenging surfaces, including dirt paths, grassy fields, sand, gravel, mud, and even light off-road trails. They are well-suited for outdoor adventures and recreational use.
  7. Safety Features: Some all-terrain electric scooters may include additional safety features such as bright LED lights for off-road visibility and stronger brakes for improved stopping power.

These scooters are popular among outdoor enthusiasts who want an electric vehicle capable of exploring natural landscapes and trails. They are not limited to urban environments and can provide a thrilling off-road experience. However, it's essential to consider safety precautions, wear appropriate protective gear, and follow local regulations when using all-terrain electric scooters, especially in areas designated for off-road use.

What are the regulations for Electric Scooter use in Australia? 

Electric scooter laws in Australia can vary from state to state, as regulations are typically determined at state or territory level. The laws can be confusing and are subject to trials and changes, so check your local and state government websites for updated regulations and information about e-scooter use in your area.

In ACT it is legal to use e-scooters on all shared pathways only. For rules, see here.

  • Speed limits: Foot Path - 15 kmph / Shared Path - 25 kmph / Bike Lane - Not Allowed / Road - Only Residential with No Foot Path access.
  • Age limits: Minimum Rider Age 12 yrs.

In New South Wales e-scooters remain illegal on NSW roads and road related areas, including footpaths, shared paths and bicycle paths. Rental e-scooters as part of shared schemes are being trialed in selected metro and regional areas. Private use is restricted to private property. More information here.

  • Speed limits: Foot Path - Not Allowed / Shared Path - 10 kmph / Bike Lane - 20 kmph / Road - Not Allowed.
  • Age limits: Minimum Rider Age 16 yrs.

In Queensland it is legal to use e-scooters on all shared pathways and roads. More information here.

  • Speed limits: Footpath and Shared Path - 12 kmph / Bike Lane and Road - 25 kmph.
  • Age limits: Minimum Rider Age 12 yrs (supervised), 16yrs (unsupervised). 

In Victoria it is legal to use e-scooters, but not on footpaths. More information here.

  • Speed limits: Footpath - Not allowed / Shared Path, Bike Lane and Road - 20kmph.
  • Age limits: Minimum Rider Age - 16yrs.

In South Australia, public use is restricted to scooters operated by approved providers. Rental e-scooters as part of shared schemes are being trialed in selected metro and regional areas. More information here.

  • Speed limits: Foot Path and Shared Path - 15 kmph / Bike Lane and Road - Not Allowed.
  • Age limits: Minimum Rider Age 18 yrs.

In Western Australia it is legal to use e-scooters on all shared pathways and roads. More information here.

  • Speed limits: Foot Path - 10 kmph / Shared Path - 25 kmph / Bike Lane - 25 kmph / Local Road - 25 kmph / Pedestrian Crossing - 10kmph
  • Age limits: Minimum Rider Age 16 yrs.

In Tasmania it is legal to use e-scooters on all shared pathways and roads. More information here.

  • Speed limits: Foot Path - 15 kmph / Shared Path, Bike Lane and Road - 25 kmph.
  • Age limits: Minimum Rider Age 16 yrs.

In Northern Territory only scooters operated by approved providers as part of a shared scheme. More information here.

  • Speed limits: Foot Path, Shared Path and Bike Lane - 15 kmph / Road - Not Allowed.
  • Age limits: Minimum Rider Age 18 yrs.

* Remember that laws are subject to changes and variations, so always stay informed and check for updated information by referring to guidelines concerning regulations on roads and transport websites in your state and local area. 

What safety regulations do I have to follow when I ride an e-scooter?

Safety regulations are typically the same in every state and territory, but riders should check for updated information on their state roads and transport websites. General rider safety includes:

  1. Helmet Use: In most states and territories, wearing a helmet is mandatory when riding an electric scooter. Helmets should meet the Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 2063.
  2. Speed Limits: Electric scooters are subject to speed limits, which can also vary by location. Ensure that your are observing the proper speed limits for your area.
  3. Riding on Roads and Footpaths: The rules about where you can ride electric scooters can differ. In some states, electric scooters are allowed on roads, while in others, they may be restricted to footpaths or shared paths. Local and state regulations apply.
  4. Alcohol and Drug Use: Just like with driving any vehicle, it's illegal to ride an electric scooter under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Some states may allow 0.05 BAC/No drugs and others may not. Always check your state transportation and roads regulators website for correct information.
  5. Lights and Reflectors: Most states require electric scooters to have lights and reflectors for nighttime use.
  6. Mobile phone use: Again, it is the same with driving a vehicle, it's illegal to ride an electric scooter while using a mobile phone.
  7. Bell or Horn: Many states require electric scooters to have a bell or horn to alert pedestrians and other road users.
  8. Public Transport: Rules about taking electric scooters on public transport like buses or trains may differ. Some states allow it, while others do not.
  9. Carrying Passangers: E-scooters can only transport ONE passenger. It is prohibited to carry more than one passenger in all states and territories in Australia.

*Remember to keep updated about changes and variations of regulations and laws in your state and local area.

Do I need insurance or registration to ride an e-scooter in Australia?

No, at the time of writing (Sept, 2023) it is not necessary to hold a licence for an e-scooter in all states and territories in Australia. Insurance is optional and covered by Personal Effects Cover as part of Contents Insurance.

You must always keep yourself updated on changes to laws and regulations concerning e-scooter usage in your state and local area.

*Please note: This information should not be considered as legal advice, but for general information purposes only.